ممثلية المملكة العربية السعودية في الدانمارك Kingdom of Denmark Om Danmark Denmark Information Denmark Information Last updated: 5/26/2015 3:45 PM Page Image Image Caption Page ContentDenmark / (Danish: Danmark, is aScandinavian country inNorthern Europe. The countries of Denmark andGreenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute theKingdome of Denmark It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark borders both the Baltic and thNorth sea. The country consists of a large peninsula, (Jylland) and many islands, most notably (Sjælland), (Fyn), (commonly considered a part of Jutland),Lolland , Falster and Bornholm, as well as hundreds of minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago. Denmark has long controlled the approach to the Baltic sea (before the digging of the kiel canal water passage to the Baltic Sea was possible only through the three channels known as the "Danish straits ".Denmark is constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. It has a state-level government and local governments in 98 municipalities. Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973, although it has not joined the Euro zone . A founding member of Nato and the OECD, it is also a member of the organization for security and co-operation in Europe. (OSCE).Denmark, with a mixed market economy and a large welfare state, ranks as having the world's highest level of income equality . It has frequently ranked as the happiest and least corrupt country in the world. The national language is Danish , and closely related to Swedish an Norwegian, with which it shares strong cultural and historical ties .According to official statistics from January 2011, 80.4% , of the population of Denmark are members of theDansih National church (Den Danske Folkekirke), Lutheran church that was made the official state religion by the constitution of Denmark. This is down 0.6% compared to the year earlier and 1.2% down compared to two years earlier. Article 6 of the Constitution states that the Royal Family must belong to this Church, though the rest of the population is free to adhere to other faiths. About 15% of the Danes do not belong to any denomination.Denmark's Muslims make up less than 2% of the population and is the country's second largest religious community. As per an overview of various religions and denominations by the Danish Foreign Ministry, other groups comprise less than 1% of the population individually and approximately 2% when taken all together. According to the most recent Euro barometer Poll 2005, 31% of Danish citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", whereas 49% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 19% that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force". According to a 2005 study by Zuckerman, Denmark has the third highest proportion of atheists and agnostics in the world, estimated to be between 43% and 80%.For more than a hundred years after the Reformation, Lutheranism was the only legal religion in Denmark, but in 1682 the state recognized three other faiths: Roman ,Catholicism ,the Reformed and Judaism. Until the recent immigration of Muslims, these three were practically the only non-Lutheran religions practiced in Denmark. As of 2005, 19 Muslim communities have been officially recognized .Forn (English: Old Custom), based on the much older, native pagan religion, gained official recognition in November 2003. Religious societies and churches do not need to be state-recognized in Denmark and can be granted the right to perform weddings and other ceremonies without this recognition.Islamic Sidehere are many Islamic centers in Denmark ,and the most important the office of the Muslim World League, they oversee the process of halal and respects the Islamic, also they definition of Islam when they visit universities, prisons and centers which interested in Islam, and there is another office of the Association of the Islamic world in the city of Hlsnjur (coastal), which lies within 49 km from the capital Copenhagen. They teaching the children the Holy Quran and some of the religious. herewith a list of the names and addresses of a number of Islamic centers. Name Address1 office of the mousqe of Muslim World league Vodroffsvej 8 , frederiksberg 2 Scandinavian AL-Waqfa Dorthijevej 45, KPH, NV 3 muslim league Hejrevej 3, KPH , NV 4 Taiba mosque Hojregladsaxe 17 KPH 5 Islamic cultural center in Denmark Horsebakkeg 2, 2400 KPH 6 Islamic council Blagardsgade 30. 2200 KPH N 7 Islamic cultural center in Arhus Christiangade 26, 8000 Arhus 8 I slamic cultural center in Helsinger Rosenkildevej 6, 3000 Helsingr 9 Islamic Waqfa in Odense Orbaekvej 274, 5220 Odense 10 Imam Malike organization Bymuren 35 , 2650 Hvidovre 11 Islamic cultural center in scaninavia Horebakken 2, 2400 KPH12 Danish Islamic union Valdemarsgade 17, 1665 KPH V 13 Menhage al Koran Valhojvej 1614 sunni mosque Hejrevej 3 , 2400 KPH NVEconomical and Cultural SideThe Danish economy is generally a small economy compared other Europe economies. Also is an open economy and a model of market economy it is called the capitalist economy .it based on private ownership of the means of production ,free competition , liberalization of prices ,and the fair distribution of income.The standard of living is a comfortable, although the tax rates on income is the highest in the world.Public sector and the state play a key role in organizing the economic life of the Danish economy. economy is also characterized by modernity and use of the high technology in agriculture and industry.Denmark has an open economy where foreign trade plays a major role to support it .because its strategic geographic location and considered a gateway between Scandinavia and the rest of Europe.A wealth of animal and dairy products is the most important consumption and export to the country.Denmark has self-sufficient in oil, natural gas, wind power . also the production of oil ,gas production has exceeded of agricultural exports ,as well as Denmark export chemicals, furniture and ships.Most private companies in Denmark is a small or medium businesses, the large companies have a weight in the global markets but few.These companies plays important role in the Danish economy, these companies create a name ,a good reputation because they having special skills and abilities to compete in the transport Marine, pharmaceutical ,food industries and wind turbines.Danish Currency is the krone and the estimated GDP per capita to 313.947 kronor in 2010.The cultural side:It is Similar to the European countries,Danish society a democratic society based on responsibility, freedom and equal opportunities for all ,regardless of gender, race or cultural background, the fundamental equality is the basis of Danish society and all the freedom of belief of religions, thinking, writing and freedom of association. Danish language is the is the official language in the country, the English language is the most important foreign language spoken by the citizens.According to official statistics, 80% of the Danish People's Church members in the Danish Lutheran church, where it is the official religion in the country and the Islamic religion is the second largest religion in Denmark, Muslims constitute 4.1% of the total population.Cultural activities Arts, theater, museums, cinema, sports, television, radio, and libraries are responsible from the Ministry of Culture, Denmark is the one of the first countries in the world ranked in the freedom of the press which are exported, with 13 official newspaper specializing in political, economic, religious and professional .• Berlingske Tidende• BT• Børsen• Dagbladet Arbejderen• Dagbladet Information• Dagbladet Licitationen• Ekstra Bladet• ErhvervsBladet• I Dag• Ingeniøren• Jyllands-Posten• Kristeligt DagbladPolitikken In addition to other local newspapers with limited distribution.Danish education system is free through secondary school and university education . the education is compulsory for a period of not less than 9 years and there are many public universities up to eight . Copenhagen Business SchoolThe Technical University of Denmark /The Engineering Academy of DenmarkThe University of AalborgThe University of AarhusThe University of OdenseThe University of RoskildeUniversity of CopenhagenUniversity of Southern DenmarkPolitical SideKingdom of Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. As stipulated in the Danish Constitution the king is not punished for his actions . the King has immunity. the king Officially appointed or dismiss the Prime Minister or other ministers. Usually choose the prime minister through elections among party leaders of Parliament. Before the King ratified the laws need to discussed it with important government measures in (Stadtsradet)a Royal Council headed by the King.Protocols of the Royal Danish is secret Although the king has executive authority except that this authority remain Honorary exclusively. Expected from the king to keep away from politics completely and refrain from influencing the government. For example the royal family do not make their votes in elections or referendums, although it has the right to do so. Legislative power is vested in the executive branch (prime minister) and the Danish Parliament together. While the judiciary is the responsibility of courts of justice. Executive power is exercised by Minister and his government on behalf the king. These ministers are responsible to the (Volktnget) (Danish Parliament) a legislative body that are traditionally considered the highest authority (ie, able to legislate on any matter and is not binding resolutions that its predecessors).Danish Parliament has legislative power in the end, according to the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, Parliament consists of 175 members elected by relative majority, in addition to two members from each of the Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Parliamentary elections are held at least once every four years, but among the powers of the Prime Minister to request the King to call early elections. A vote of no confidence in Parliament can force a minister or even the entire government to resign.