Source: from the website of The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the website of the Dutch Embassy in Riyadh


The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. It forms part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. This consists of the Netherlands itself and six islands in the Caribbean: Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire, just off the Venezuelan coast, and St Eustatius, Saba and St Maarten, located southeast of the Virgin Islands.
On 10 October 2010, after a five-year long process of constitutional reform in the Antilles, the new structure of the Kingdom of the Netherlands went into effect. It is the most far-reaching revision of the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1954. The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved as a political entity. Curaçao and St Maarten, formerly parts of the Netherlands Antilles, have become autonomous countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba are now special municipalities of the Netherlands. These three islands are referred to as the ‘Caribbean Netherlands’. The Kingdom of the Netherlands now consists of four countries: the Netherlands (European and Caribbean Netherlands), Aruba, Curaçao and St Maarten.
The population of the Netherlands is 16,7 million inhabitants, who live in 41,526 km². This makes the Netherlands one of the world's most densely populated countries. The capital city is Amsterdam, while the government is located in The Hague. Amsterdam is also the largest city, with an urban population of approximately 780,000.
The Netherlands is situated between the North Sea, Belgium and Germany, the Netherlands is roughly 300 km from north to south, and about 200 km from east to west.
The Netherlands is divided into twelve provinces:
Groningen, Friesland, Drenthe, Overijssel, Gelderland, Utrecht, North Holland, South Holland, Zeeland, North Brabant, Limburg and Flevoland.​