​​​Islamic Side​:

The history of Islam in Tanzania is linked to the arrival of the Arab migrations and Shirazi to East Africa at the end of the first century, and the early migrations to this region migration from the tribe Alozd in the year 95 AH, and the migration from the tribe of al-Harith, followed by migrations of Alcherazian.

Religion in Tanzania, mostly between Islam and Christianity, and the estimated percentage of Muslims from 50% to 60%, noting that the statistics that take place in the country do not include religion since 1967 when it conducted statistics show that Muslims are the majority of the country's population.

* Famous mosques in Dar es Salaam:

  1. Mosque ALFarouk Omar bin Al-Khattab, located in Kinondoni Street.
  2. Masjid Mosque Ketumbana, located in the city center.
  3. Mosque Njazaja, located in the city center.
  4. Mosque Mwinyi good, located in the city center.
  5. Mosque ALMAMOR, located in the Malek sreet Ubanga distrect.
  6. Mosque Tambaza, located in the United Nations Street Ubanga distrect.
  7. Mosque Idris, located in the Bondi Street Kariakoo area.
  8. Mosque Maniema, located in the Mafia street Kariakoo area.
  9. Mosque Qeblateen, located in the Ogere street Kariakoo area.
  10. Mosque Kicangana, located in the Magumenemabeba distrect.
  11. Mosque Mikochine, located in the Koawaraioba distrect.
  12. Mosque Shamsia, located in the Kawe area.

* Famous mosques in Zanzibar:

  1. Mosque Mashwar, located in Moembichawori area.
  2. Mosque Voromana, is near the port of Zanzibar.
  3. Mosque Malindi, located in the Malindi area.
  4. Mosque Abdullah Rashid, located in the Kiimbi thickness area.
  5. Mosque International, located in the international area.

* Famous mosques in Arusha:

  1. The grand mosque of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs in Tanzania
  2. Mosque "Bondena" the city-center
  3. Mosque mosque in fact "Ngarenaro" area
  4. Mosque mosque in fact "Majengo" area

​Economical and Cultural Side​:

United Republic of Tanzania continues to apply the Asian economic policy known as the "economy of Asian tiger" which enabled some Asian countries to achieve economic growth, and continue its efforts in economic bridges between business Tanzanians and foreign investors in the world and private investors from the United States, European and Asian countries. In addition, a focus on effective economic partnership between the public sector and the private sector.

Are the main sectors of the economy are: agriculture, tourism, telecommunications, mining, fisheries, landscaping, manufacturing and energy.


A summary of the economic situation in Tanzania:

  1. GDP: statistics issued by the Central Bank of Tanzania and the International Monetary Fund indicate that the proportion of GDP at the end of the year 2011 have reached 7%.
  2. The rate of price inflation in the month of March of this year 2012, rising to a rate of 19.8%.
  3. The US dollar exchange rate (18/04/2012 AD) is the amount of 1600.00 Tanzania shillings.
  4. Total national debt rose (domestic and foreign) of the $ 10.5 trillion Tanzanian shillings in mid-2011 to $ 14.4 trillion Tanzanian shillings in March of the year 2012.
The cultural aspect, Tanzania is considered, as coastal areas and the archipelago of Zanzibar, are Muslim state, where Muslims in Zanzibar accounts for 99.9% of the population, and Muslims in Tanzania is a land (Tanganyika) the vast majority of 63%. In addition, it controlled by tribal character, where the population of Tanzania consists of more than one hundred and twenty tribe belonging to the Negro and the protective elements.
Swahili and English are the main languages, in Tanzania, the Swahili language; they are a mixture of Arabic and African languages. They are also more widely used in everyday life. Moreover, serve as the national language. Besides most of the indigenous people speaking other tribal languages ​​and is in its entirety languages ​​derived from the language of the Bantu.

​​Political Side​:​

Tanzania's new constitution, passed in 1992 allowed, multi-party. Prior to that date, there was a single party is the ruling party, known as Chama Chamapndoza or Revolutionary Party, which was decided by state policies. In 1995, the first election in which several parties participated was held.


The current president is Dr. / John Pompey Magofolly, since November 5, 2015 a candidate of the ruling Revolutionary Party since the country's independence in 1961, and behind former President Jakaya Mrisho Kikota, who had not had the opportunity to run for a third term, based on what stipulated in the Tanzanian Constitution.


Vice President is Ms. / Samia Solohe.

The Prime Minister is Mr. / Majaliwa Qasim Majaliwa.
There in Tanzania Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, which takes care of all matters and federal affairs Tanganyika (Tanzania Mainland), and the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar (Government of National Unity), which currently consists of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (CCM) and the Party of Civic United Front (CUF) is dominating the affairs private archipelago of Zanzibar.

Cabinet members in the United Republic of Tanzania, five appointed by the President of the Republic Dr. / John Pompey Magofolly:


The Prime Minister is Mr. / Majaliwa Qasim Majaliwa.

Office of the President (the provincial and local governments and public services management and good governance)

Mr. / George Sambachowiny

Ms. / Angela Cairokee

Vice President's office (Federal Environmental Affairs) Mr. / Janouari Mkapa

Office of the President of the Council of Ministers (politics and parliament, Labor and Youth and Employment and handy Capet's) Ms. / Zhinsta Amhajama

The Ministry of Agriculture, livestock and fishing Mr. / Amoyjolo Anchimba

The Ministry of Works and Transport and Communications Professor / McCamey Mbarawa

The Ministry of Finance and Planning Dr. / Philip Mbango

Ministry of Energy and Minerals, Professor / Sospeter Mohoonju

The Ministry of Constitutional and Legal Affairs Dr. Harrison Amoakaimbi

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, and the East African regional and international Dr. / Augustin Mahiga

The Ministry of National Defense and military service, Dr. / Hussein Mwinyi

The Ministry of the Interior, Mr. / Charles Kituang

The Ministry of lands, housing and human settlements development, Mr. / William lokovi

Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Professor / Jamaanna Majimba

The Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment, Mr. / Charles Moidjaja

The Ministry of Education and Science, Technology and Vocational Training Dr. / Joyce Ndalichaco

The Ministry of Health and Community Development and Gender, the elderly and children Ms. / Omi Amwalimo

The Ministry of Information and Culture, artists and sports Mr. / Nabi Annaaoye

The Ministry of Water and Irrigation Engineer / Gerson Loengji

 

Members of the Revolutionary Council (Council of Ministers of the new) in Zanzibar - April 2016:

 

Mr. / Haj Issa Osei Office of the President - the President of the Revolutionary Government

Mr. / Haroun Ali Suleiman, the President's Office - the Constitution, justice and public service and good governance

Mr. / Hadj Omar Khairat, provincial and local government administration and management

Mr. / Mohammed Aboud Mohammed, Minister of State - Second Vice-President Office

Dr. / Khalid Mohammed Salim, Minister of Finance and Planning

Mr. / Mahmoud Thabit Combo, Health Minister

Ms. / Rizk Pembe Juma, Minister of Education and Vocational Training

Ambassador / Amina Salim Ali, Minister of Industry, Trade and Marketing

Ambassador / Ali Abeid Karume, Minister of Works, Transport and Communications

Mr. / Rashid Ali Juma, Minister of Information and Tourism, Culture, Arts and Sports

Ms. / Madulin Casteko Minister of Labor and Economic Empowerment and youth, the elderly, women and children

Ms. / Salama Abboud Taleb Minister of lands, water, energy and the environment

Mr. / Hamad Rashid Mohamed, Minister of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Livestock and Fisheries

Mr. / Said Saud Al Said, minister without ministry

Mr. / Juma Ali Khatib and Minister without ministry

 

Heads of Tanzania since independence:

  1. President Julius Nyerere 1964 – 1985
  2. Ali Hassan Mouene 1985 – 1995
  3. Benjamin Mkapa 1995 – 2005
  4. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, 2005 – 2015
  5. John Pompey Magofolly, since 5 November 2015 until now.