Saudi Arabia and India share a long history of bilateral ties, built upon shared values, culture and strong people-to-people links. More than three million Indians live in Saudi Arabia, forming the largest expatriate community in the Kingdom.

The two countries have further strengthened these ties by fostering an environment for political, economic, security, defense and manpower exchanges.

The timeline below captures a few of the multiple exchanges between the leadership of the two countries:



The first State Visit of HRH Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to India on February 19, 2019  



HRH Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman met with Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi and discussed avenues to continue working on strengthening the distinctive bilateral cooperation between the two friendly countries in all fields. They witnessed the signing of 6 MoUs and agreements between Saudi Arabia and India. HRH Crown Prince was welcomed by the President and Prime Minister of India at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, the office and residence of the President of India in New Delhi with an official reception ceremony.






On the sidelines of the G20 Hangzhou Summit, HRH Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud (now Crown Prince) held a bilateral meeting with Indian PM Narendra Modi.


Saudi Deputy Crown Prince (now Crown Prince) Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Second Deputy Premier and Minister of Defense, met in the Chinese city of Hangzhou with the Prime Minister of Republic of India, Narendra Modi, on the sidelines of the G20 summit.

During the meeting, they discussed the opportunities of bilateral cooperation and ways of enhancing them in various fields.



The visit of Indian PM Narendra Modi to Riyadh.


In a special gesture, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al- Saud honoured Indian PM Narendra Modi with the 'Sash of King Abdulaziz', the highest civilian honour awarded by the Kingdom. Five agreements and MoUs were signed between the two countries. A Joint Statement highlighting the various aspects of India-Saudi Arabia relations was also issued.



On the sidelines of the G20 Antalya meeting, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud met Indian PM Narendra Modi.


The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Head of the Kingdom's delegation to the G20 Summit, met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the Summit held in Antalya, Turkey.

During the meeting, they reviewed bilateral relations and aspects of cooperation between the two countries, in addition to a number of topics on the agenda of the Summit.



The visit of HRH Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Deputy PM and Minister of Defence of Saudi Arabia (now King) to India.


During the visit of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud (now King), Saudi Arabia and India signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on defence cooperation to elevate their strategic partnership further in areas of security.



Indian PM Dr. Manmohan Singh visited Saudi Arabia.


During Dr. Singh's visit, Saudi Arabia and India signed several MoUs and agreements. The landmark "Riyadh Declaration" was also signed which further deepened bilateral cooperation in all fields.



King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al -Saud visited India as the Chief Guest of the 57th Republic Day.


The King was accompanied by a high-level delegation including a business delegation of 68 prominent businessmen. 

In course of the visit, Saudi Arabia and India signed three agreements and several Memorandum of Understandings (MOUs) including one on Combating Crime. The "Delhi Declaration" was signed among other MoUs between the two countries during the visit.



Indian PM Indira Gandhi visited Saudi Arabia.


Indian PM Indira Gandhi's official trip to Saudi Arabia further strengthened the bilateral ties between Saudi Arabia and India.



Indian PM Jawaharlal Nehru visited Saudi Arabia.


Indian PM Jawaharlal Nehru was not only welcomed with warmth but also given the unique honour and privilege of addressing a public gathering in a stadium in Jeddah, a distinction which has not been accorded to any other visiting leader.



King Saud visited India.


King Saud bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud paid a 17-day long visit to India. During the visit, the King toured several Indian cities where they received unprecedented welcome and hospitality from the Indian people. While in New Delhi, the King held talks with PM Jawaharlal Nehru and other Indian leaders on various issues of mutual concern.



Saudi Crown Prince Faisal bin Abdul Aziz visited Delhi to meet Indian PM Jawaharlal Nehru.


HRH Crown Prince Faisal bin Abdulaziz, who was also the PM and Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, arrived in New Delhi to lay the foundation of bilateral relations between Saudi Arabia and India in modern times. Crown Prince Faisal bin Abdulaziz's talks with PM Jawaharlal Nehru paved the way for elevating the bilateral relations to higher levels.



Ties between Saudi Arabia and India upgraded fully.


India's relationship with Saudi Arabia has flourished since 1947, the year India got independence. By 1954 ties between the two nations had been fully upgraded.



Diplomatic Relations between Saudi Arabia and India formally established.


Relations between Saudi Arabia and India have existed since the establishment of the Kingdom, but the Saudi-Indo diplomatic relations were formally established in 1948 after India's Independence.



Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru praised Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud's statesmanship in unifying the Arab peninsula to establish the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


In 1932, when King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud unified and established the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, India's first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was full of praise for the King for his courage and statesmanship.