ممثلية المملكة العربية السعودية في عُمان Sultanate of Oman About Oman About Oman Page Image Image Caption Page ContentState name The Sultanate of Oman Capital Muscat Other main cities (Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Al Rustaq, Sur, Al Buraimi, Musandam) Official Language Arabic Religion Islam Government Hereditary Sultanate Ruler His Majesty Sultan Haitham Bin Tarik Constitution The Basic Law of the State 1996 National Flag The Omani flag is of a rectangular shape, made of a vertical unit beside the pole, and three horizontal units. The third of the flag adjacent to the pole is red, the highest quarter of it includes the emblem of the state in white; the three horizontal units are of equal proportions in the following colors White at the top, red in the middle joining the vertical unit adjacent to the pole and alast green vertical unit at the bottom.The Emblem Of The StateIt is made of two swords in a position crossed by the Omani Dagger (Khanjar).The Land Area Of OmanThe land area of Oman amounts to about 309,500 km2; it is predominantly desert, including stony plains and areas of sand dunes; the largest of these are the Al Whahibah sands in the east and sand dunes of Rub’ Al Khali (or Empty Quarter) in the west. The Sultanate of Oman commands a coastline stretching for about 3165 km from the furthest point of the southeast on the Arabia Sea and the mouth of the Indian Ocean, to Musandam in the north; it then overlooks the strategic Strait of Hormuz at the point of entry to the Arabian Gulf.Geographic PositionOman is situated in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is surrounded by the sea on two sides, the sea of Oman to the northeast and the Indian Ocean to the southeast; it has joint land borders with Saudi Arabia to the west, Yemen to the south, and the United Arab Emirates to the north.Oman History Oman has a long history as a state and through its history has made a great contribution to civilization. At one time Oman was an influential seafaring nation whose foreign relationships extended as far as China, the USA, Britain and France. Omani ambassadors have been presenting their credentials in the capital cities of these countries for about 200 years.