Romania is located in the southeast of Europe, in the north of the Balkan Peninsula, halfway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Ural Mountains in the lower Danube basin and the eastern shore of the Black Sea. In the east, it borders with the Republic of Moldova, in the northeast with Ukraine, and in the southeast is bordered by the Black Sea. In the south, it borders with Bulgaria, in the southwest with Serbia, and in the northwest with Hungary.

Area: The area of Romania is 237500 km2, of which 7160 km2 represents water, having the 12 place in Europe, as area.

Capital: Bucharest

Currency: Romanian LEU or RON

1 euro is equivalent to 4.65 lei, and the US dollar to 3.74 lei, the exchange rate is not fixed.

Official Language: Romanian

Population: Romania's population is about 19,042 million, according to the latest official census from 2011.

Ethnicity and religion: most of the inhabitants are Romanian, 88.6%, followed by Hungarians, 6.5% of the total population, followed by various percentages of Roma, Germans, Ukrainians, Turks, Tatars, Serbs, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Croatians, Greeks, Jews, Czechs, Polish, Armenians and others. The majority of the population is Orthodox Christian religion, 86.7% of the total inhabitants, and the other part belongs to other religions.

Official holidays:

  1. 1, 2 January, New Year
  2. 24 January, the Romanian Principalities Unification Day (Small Union)
  3. 6 April, Orthodox Good Friday
  4. 8, 9 April, Orthodox Easter
  5. May 1, International Labor Day
  6. 27, 28 May, Orthodox Pentecost
  7. June 1, Children's Day
  8. August 15, St. Mary's Day
  9. November 30, St. Andrew's Day
  10.  December 1, National Day of Romania
  11.  25, 26 December, Christmas


    With the radical change that took place in Romania in December 1989 by the fall of the communist regime and the establishment of a new regime based on political pluralism and the adoption of democracy and elections as a single political instrument of government and alternation in power, the first presidential elections and general parliamentary elections took place in May 1990, resulting in a constituent assembly that drafted a new constitution of Romania, approved by the Romanian people by referendum, in 1992. Based on this constitution, there were 6 presidential and 7 parliamentary rounds, and following that, the alternation of power between the center-left and center-right parties was made at the level of the three powers in the state: sovereign (presidential), legislative (the parliament with the two chambers of deputies and senators) and the executive power (the government).

    - Romania is a semi-presidential republic in which the president, who represents the sovereign power, is freely and directly elected for a 5-year mandate with the right to run for a new one.

    - The legislative power is represented by a two-chamber Parliament: Senate and Chamber of Deputies, where the minimum threshold of representation of parties or independent persons is 5% of the total votes cast.

    - The executive Power (the Government) is formed by the parliamentary majority party or coalition that wins an absolute majority in the parliamentary elections, which take place every four years. The President authorize a person from the party or from the coalition of the parliamentary majority or, in some cases, a person which he consider is suitable to form the government that the Parliament validates by giving the vote of confidence, and the President approves the appointment of new government members.

    - The Legislative Power is made up by the High Court of Cassation and Justice, other judicial institutions, the Superior Council of Magistracy and the Constitutional Court.

    Culture and Education:
  • Culture: Romania's culture is part of European culture, being known as one of

    the sources of the world culture due to its vestiges, theaters and artistic representations, as well as a support point between the cultures of Western and Eastern Europe.
  • Education: In Romania there are over 4,000 educational institutions, institutes,

    colleges and universities, public and private.

    Economy: Romania's economy relies on agricultural production and industry, especially on manufacturing and information technology.

    The most important Romanian exports: automobiles, wagons, tires, batteries of automobiles, electrical appliances, electrical installations, chemicals, plastic, cement, ceramic, marble, iron wire, glass, paper, cardboard, fabrics, textiles, wood, water, corn, sunflower, animals, birds, agricultural products and tobacco.

    The most important Romanian imports: imports are divided between automobiles and consumer goods, food, tobacco, chemicals, sugar, cotton, fabrics, textiles, natural rubber, electrical appliances, chemical fertilizer, iron, steel and raw products .

    The most important fields of investment in Romania: renewable energy, agriculture, consumer products, food, real estate, especially agricultural lands, construction materials, electrical materials, electronics, iron and steel industries.

    Important contacts in Romania for business people:

    Communication, Mass Media and Transparency Office

    Tel: 021 202 54 26, 021 202 51 06; 021 202 53 11

     Fax: 021 202 53 28


     Address: Calea Victoriei, no. 152, sector 1, Bucharest




    Department of Strategies and Foreign Relations Asia, America, Africa and the Middle East

    Address: Calea Victoriei n0. 152, sector 1, Bucharest

    Tel: 021 40 10 504

    Fax: 021 40 10 594





    Address:  Calea Victoriei, no. 152, Sector 1, Bucharest

    Tel: +4021 318 50 52

    Fax: +4021 316 31 58


    Department of Foreign Investments

    Tel: +4 021 316 31 29 (int. 106/107)

    Fax: +4 021 316 31 58




    CCIR Business Center

    Address: Blvd. Octavian Goga no. 2, Bucharest

    Tel.: +4021 319 00 93

    Fax: +4021 319 01 56




    Address: Blvd. Marasti no. 65-67, sector 1, Bucharest


    Tel: +40 21 207 70 00

    Fax: +40 21 207 70 70